What is good governance?

 Governance is about the processes for making and implementing decisions. It’s not about making ‘correct’ decisions, but about the best possible process for making those decisions.

main characteristics of good governance –

Good governance is accountable –
Accountability is a fundamental requirement of good governance. Local government has an obligation to report, explain and be answerable for the consequences of decisions it has made on behalf of the community it represents.

Good governance is transparent –
People should be able to follow and understand the decision-making process. 

Good governance is responsive – 
Local government should always try to serve the needs of the entire community while balancing competing interests in a timely, appropriate and responsive manner.

Good governance is effective and efficient – 
Local government should implement decisions and follow processes that make the best use of the available people, resources and time to ensure the best possible results for their community.

When navigating an ethical dilemma, do you ask yourself simply whether the action you want to take is legal?

Remember, just because an action is legal doesn’t mean it’s ethical.

If you have committed to a career in the public sector, you’ve also committed to acting in the public interest at all times. This means making ethical decisions in accordance with public sector values, otherwise know as principles of good governance.

What is the function of principles of good governance in the public sector?

Principles of good governance encourage public managers to transcend the limitations of thinking only in legal terms. The legal implications of an action are critical to any decision, but they are also well defined, easy to determine and simple to apply.

Conversely, by questioning an action in relation to values, a public manager must confront the important ethical aspects and implications of his/ her decision. These are far more difficult to pinpoint.

In this way, the principles of good governance serve to guide public managers in their mandate to act in the public interest at all times.

What are the principles of good governance?

This infographic explores 8 key principles of good governance formulated to guide public managers navigating through ethical grey areas.

Consider the idea that these values are a lens through which public management situations can be viewed – just like the lenses in a pair of glasses affects everything that a person sees, these values should permeate every aspect of a public manager’s views and expressions of their responsibilities.


Published by Dr Charles Sinkala

I will go to the World, and when I come back, I will Liberate my people.

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